KALI – How to crack passwords using Hashcat – The Visual Guide

Very important.

University of South Wales: Cyber University of the year: Two years running: 2019 & 2020

Windows passwords are stored as MD5 hashes, that can be cracked using Hashcat.

Step 1 – Root terminal

mkdir hashes

cd /hashes

gedit hashes.txt

This organises a hashes directory for you, and a hashes.txt file which will contain the hashes to be cracked.


Step 2 – Generate hashes for you to crack


Hashes.txt is the file of password hashes to be cracked – we’ll create hashes to paste into this file.


To generate hashes, use:


Enter the word “password” – and the site will return the MD5 hash, paste it into the hashes.txt

md5 generator

Next, hash a second password ie “password1”,  paste the md5 hashes into hashes.txt.


Fill up your hashes.txt with five test md5 hashes.


This is your test hash file complete.  Now we move into attack mode.


Hashcat options.  Jump to step 4 – to attack.

This is background information on the different numbers used…

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